The main city of the district called Kharagauli was established in the 19th century. The region was under the administration of Kutaisi until 1930 when it became a separate district. In 1949, it was renamed Orjonikidze. However, in 1989 the original name was restored.
Through Kharagauli District run two mountain ranges - Meskheti and Likhi. The highest mountain range in the district is Gedsamania. The territory is covered with crystal slate stones, tuff, tuff sandstones, cretaceous limestone, and dolomites. There are mines of marble and Quartz. Kharagauli is also famous for its mineral water springs: Nunisi, Zvare, and Ukanchali.
On the base of these waters in Nunisi and Zvare health resorts were established.
In Goresha-Bazaleti Plateau, there are a number of caves and sinkholes. In “Devis Khvreli” cave (“The Giant’s Hole” cave) located in the gorge of the Chkerimela River, archaeologists found remains of the Upper Paleolithic culture. Three are also several small karts caves in the gorge of the Dzirula River, in Ubisa, Goresha, and Kharadauli Katskhi.
The district is rich in plants, animals and different verities of fish. The population lives off bee feeding, viticulture, cattle breeding and crop cultivation. There are also wine and mineral water factories in the district.
Following sites are on the Kharagauli territory: