The Village Sairkhe is located on the left side of the Kvirila River. It was first mentioned in written sources in the 18th century.
In 1957, in the south part of the village, during archaeological excavations a group of experts led by N. Ghambashidze discovered fragments of a temple from the Antiquity Period. Archaeological works were also conducted in 1966 –1968 by Jurkha Nadiradze. In a place called Lominauri scientists revealed remains of a cult building dated back to the 4th century BC with fragments of limestone-capitals, a Lion headed portrayal and other things. The ornaments suggest that it was constructed by Achaemenids and the researchers believe that they were built in the honour of the deity of fertility.
Another large settlement (approx.10 hectare) dating back to the 2nd millennium BC was found west of a cathedral at the foot of a hill. The findings, among which were remains of a heater, pipes of bellows and bronze and clay sculptures confirm that metallurgy (bronze and metal) was developed very well in the area.
Two rich burials were found in the west part of Sairkhe Village. In the first, experts found clay pottery, Greek ceramics, hundreds of gold and silver items, a glass bowl and a golden eagle which is a unique item for West Georgia. Another burial revealed skeletons of 3 women and 5 horses. There were also luxurious horse harnesses made of bronze, silver and gold, with images of a golden duck and an eagle. (Source: J. Nadiradze “Archaeological Sites of Kvirila Gorge”- 1975)
All these sources and materials found during the excavations indicate that Sairkhe was an important political and administrative centre and it had strong trading relations with the Western civilized world This may be the city which is mentioned in the Geography by Claudius Ptolemaeus under the name “Sarake”.